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Teacher Education
Group-D Paper-I
Principles and Practice of Teacher Education

Objectives :

  1. To develop in the student understanding of the concept, objectives and principles of teacher education.

  2. To acquaint the student with focal points in the development of teacher education in India with reference to its changing concept.

  3. To acquaint the student with existing practices regarding structure, curriculum and evaluation in teacher education at different level.

  4. To enable the student to understand teaching and training techniques.

  5. To enable the student to organise various types of student teaching programme.

  6. To enable the student to organise various types of student teaching programme.

  7. To enable the student to know the concept and practice of evaluation in teacher education.

  8. To aquaint the student with the innovative practice in teacher education.

  9. To develop in the student professional ethics.

 

Course :

Unit 1        Concept and Objectives of Teacher Education :

  1. Meaning, nature and concept of teacher training and teacher education.

  2. Needs of the educational system and the teacher education programme.

  3. Need of the learner the teacher education.

  4. Objectives teacher education of primary, secondary and college level.

 

Unit 2        Focal Points in the Development of Teaching Education in India

(a)    The Indigenous Efforts :

  1. preparation of teachers in upnishadic, medieval pro-British period, Montitorial system, weaknesses of the system.

(b)    Modern period :

  1. Establishment of Teacher Colleges - 1856 and evaluation of a new system. Development of early teachers colleges.

  2. Government of India-Resolution on Indian Education Policy 1904 and initial policy formation on the training of teachers.

  3. The formative decade-Government of India Resolution (1913) and widening horizon of the training programme. Recommendations of Sidler Commission 1917.

  4. Efforts for expansion of training facilities in India in Twenties.

  5. Abbott wood Report (1937) - Reflection on training of teachers. Now ideas in training programme.

(C)    Post - Independence period :

  1. The momentous Forties.

  2. Planning Fifties and development of now horizons in teacher education.

  3. Expanding Siteen and Seventies.

 

Unit 3        Structure and Curriculum of Teacher Education at Different Levels.

  1. Structure of Teacher Education - Levels-Types-Two year under graduate, One year post graduate and Four year integrated.

  2. Silent characteristics of teacher education - Relevance, Flexibility, Integration and Interdisciplinary.

  3. Nature and concepts of teacher education curriculum at primary, secondary and college, level.

  4. Pedagogical theory.

  5. Methodology of teaching school subjects.

  6. Practice teaching / internship.

  7. Other practical work.

  8. Socially useful productive work (SUPW) and working with community.

  9. Note teacher education curriculum - A frame work.

Unit 4        Teaching and Training Techniques :

(a)    Nature, assumptions, relevance to objectives of the following techiques.

  1. Seminar/Symposium/Panal discussion

  2. Workshop

  3. Team Teaching

  4. Teaching through A.V. aids

  5. Programme Learning

  6. Supervised Study

  7. Lecture-cum-Demonstration

  8. Totorials

  9. Field Study

  10. Brain Storming

(b)    Nature, assumptions, relevance to objectives of the following training techniques.

  1. Systematic observation and feedback

  2. Simulation and Role playing

  3. Micro teaching

  4. System approach

Unit 5        Pattern and Practice of Student Teaching Programmes :

  1. Concept and objectives of student teaching

  2. Patterns of Practice Teaching

  1. Spaced Lesson teaching : nature, assumptions, merits and demerits.

  2. Block student teaching / off campus student teaching programme : nature, assumptions, merits and demerits.

  3. Internship : principles, assumptions, merits and demerits.

  1. Working with cooperating schools/laboratory schools.

  2. Stages in the organization of practice-teaching programme:

  1. Pre-practice teaching preparation phase college based under simulated condition, skill training (micro-teaching)

  2. Assimilation phase intergation - real situation - internship.

  1. Evaluation of practice teaching.

Unit 6        Evaluation in Teacher Education :

  1. Concept of evaluation and measurement

  2. Objectives of evaluation in teacher education

        (a)    Pedagogical Theory

        (b)    Practical Work

        (c)    Practice Teaching

  1. Types of evaluation : formative and summative, programme evaluation

  2. Existing evaluation  practices : internal vs. external evaluation

  3. Modes of Evaluation - Essay, objective,  citation reference, norm reference testing.

  4. Utilization of evaluation for improvement of teacher education programme

  5. Systematic observation

  6. Question Bank

Unit 6        Evaluation in Teacher Education :

  1. Concept of evaluation and measurement

  1. Objective of evaluation in teacher education

        (a)    Pedagogical Theory

        (b)    Practical Work

        (c)    Practice Teaching

  1. Types of evaluation : formative and summative, programme evaluation

  2. Existing evaluation practices : internal vs. external evaluation

  3. Modes of evaluation - Essay, objective, citation reference, norm reference testing.

  4. Utilization of evaluation for improvement of teacher education programme.

  5. Systematic observation

  6. Question Bank

Unit 7        Research and Innovation in Teacher Education :

  1. Nature and scope of research in teacher education in India

  2. Areas of research in teacher education

  3. Problems of research in teacher education

  4. Trends in research in teacher education

  5. Innovative practices at secondary and elementary teacher education level

  6. Innovations in teacher education at the international level.