Third B. Pharmacy

306 Pharmacognosy - II (Theory) 
  1. Study of the biological sources, cultivation, collection, commercial varieties, [ 22 ] chemical constituents, substitutes, adulterants, uses, diagonistic macroscopic 
    and microscopic features and specific chemical tests of following groups 
    containing glycosides.

    1. Saponins: Glycyrrhiza, Ginenseng, Dioscorea, Sarsaparilla and Senega. 6 

    2. Cardioactive sterols : Digitalis, Squill, Strophanthus and Thevitia. 6

    3. Anthraquinone cathartics: Aloe, Senna, Rhubard and Cascara. 6

    4. Psoralea, Ammi, Gentian, Saffron, Chirata, Quassia. 4

  2.  Study of the biological sources, cultivation, collection, commercial varieties, [ 25 ]
    chemical constituents, substitutes, adulterants, uses, diagonistic macroscopic and microscopic features and specific chemical tests of following groups containing alkaloids.

    1. Pyridine - Piperidine : Tobacco, Areca and Lobelia. 3

    2. Tropane : Belladonna, Hyoscyamus, Datura, Dubosia, Coca and 4
      Withania. 

    3. Quinoline and isoquinoline : Cinchona, Ipecac, Opium. 5

    4. Indole : Ergot, Rauwolfia, Chatharanthus , Nux-vomica and 6 
      Physiostigma.

    5. Imidazole : Pilocarpus 1

    6. Steroidal: veratrum and kurchi 1

    7. Alkaloidal amine : Ephedra and Colchicum 2

    8. Glycoalkaloid : Solanum should be taught from Trease and Evans 1
      latest edition.

    9. Purines : Coffee, Tea and Coca. 2 

  3. Studies of traditional drugs : [ 18 ]
    Common vernacular names, Botanical sources, morphology, chemical nature of chief constituents, pharmacological categories and common uses of following indigeneous drugs : Amla, Kantkari, Malkangani, Satavari, Tylophora, Bhilawa, Kalijiri, Kaner, Gaduchi, Brahmi, Adusa, Arjuna, Ashoka, Methi, Lasun, Palash, Majith, Guggul, Godh Kalimusli, Taila, Rasna, Punarnva, Chitrak, Apamarg, Gokhru, Shankhpushpi, Bahera, Chirata,Tulsi, Vidang, Cassia tora and Churnas, Leaps, Lehyas and herbo-mineral preparations.

  4. Biological sources, preparation, identification tests and uses of the [ 2 ]
    following enzymes. Diastase, Papain , Pepsin, Trypsin, Pancreatin

  5. General techniques of biosynthesis studies and basic metabolic [ 6 ]
    pathways. An introduction to biogenesis of secondary metabolities of pharmaceutical importance.



306 Pharmacognosy - II (Practical)
  1. Identification of crude drugs listed in theory by morphological characters.

  2. Microscopical studies of some selected drugs mentioned in theory :- Datura, Vasaka, Hyoscyamus, Belladonna, Withania, Cinchona, Ephedra, Ipecac, Rauwolfia, Nuxvomica, Vinca, Digitalis, Glycyrrhiza, Senna. 

  3. Microscopical studies of selected powdered drugs of single or mixture of two to three components :- Datura, Vasaka, Hyoscyamus, Belladona, Cinchona, Ipecac, Rauwolfia, Nuxvomica, Digitalis, Glycyrrhiza, Senna, Rhubarb.

  4. Identification of traditional drugs mentioned in theory by morphological and microscopical characters (where necessary ).

  5. Identification of unorganized drugs mentioned in theory by morphological characters and chemical tests.

Books Recommended:
     
1. Pharmacognosy by G.E.Trease and W.C.Evans 
     2. Text book of Pharmacognosy by T.E.Wallis 
     3. Pharmacognosy by V.E.Tylor,L.R.Brady and J.E.Robbers 
     4. Text book of Pharmacognosy by Dr.C.S.Shah and Prof. J.S.Qadry 
     5. Pharmacognosy by S.S.Handa and V.K.Kapoor 
     6. Pharmacognosy by Prof.C.K.Kokate,Prof.A.P.Purohit & S.B.Gokhale 
     7. Text book of Pharmacognosy by Dr. Mohammed Ali 
     8. The Wealth of India (Raw Material & Industrial Product) 
     9. Compendium of Indian Medicinal Plant Vol. I,II,III & IV 
    10. Cultivation and Utilization of Aromatic Plants by Atal & Kapoor 
    11. Cultivation and Utilization of Medicinal Plants by Atal & Kapoor 
    12. Text book of Pharmacognosy by Steiniger and Hansel 
    13. Text book of Pharmacognosy by Ramsted 
    14. Powdered Vegetable Drugs by B.P.Jeckson & D.W.Snewden 
    15. Biosynthetic products for cancer chemotherapy by George pattit vol I,II,III, Plenum press Newyork
    16. Natural products as Medicinal agents Ed. J.L.Beal, and Reinhard Hippocrates Verleg
    17. Medicinal plant glycosides- Sim. Toronto.
    18. Medicinal plant Alkaloids- Sim. Toronto.
    19. Ayurvedic pharmacopeia.
    20. Practical Pharmacognosy by Iyenger 
    21. Practical Pharmacognosy by C.K.Kokate 
    22. I.P., B.P., U.S.P. 


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